There are over three dozen foremost theatres, most are in the West End . West End theatres are commercial ventures that host comedy and serious drama. The subsidized or non-commercial theatre includes the National Theatre, which is based at the South Bank; the Royal Shakespeare Company which is based in Stratford, but presents seasons in London; The Globe, a modern reconstruction of the home of Shakespeare's troupe; The Royal Court Theatre which specialises in new drama; the Old Vic; and the Adelphi Theatre.
The Adelphi Theatre is a 1500-seat West End theatre, situated on the Strand in the City of Westminster. The current structure is the fourth on the site. The theatre has dedicated in comedy and musical theatre, today it is a receiving house for a variety of productions, including many musicals. The theatre was Grade II listed for historical preservation on 1 December 1987.
Built in 1806 opposite Adam Street by merchant John Scott (who had made his fate from a washing-blue) as the Sans Pareil to platform his daughter's theatrical talents, the theatre was given a novel pretense and redecorated in 1814.
In its early years, the theatre was known for melodrama, called Adelphi Screamers. Many stories by Charles Dickens were also adapted for the stage here, including John Baldwin Buckstone's The Christening, a comic burletta
The Adelphi has the distinction, according to the research of Philip Bolton, of being the first house to stage an adaptation a work by Charles Dickens, the piece being J. B. Buckstone's "The Christening," a comic burletta (farce) which opened on 13 October 1834, based on "The Bloomsbury Christening," which would eventually be published in the first volume of Sketches by Boz.
The Adelphi was modernized and redecorated in 1875, and enlarged again in 1887. Its rollicking past was the subject matter of dramatist E. L. Blanchard's "History of the Adelphi Theatre" in The Era Almanack for 1877; Blanchard himself produced seven plays there amid 1874 and 1877. The present building is actually the fourth on that site, and therefore is different from the building described by Charles Dickens in Ch. 31 of The Pickwick Papers (1836).
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