Green Park London: The Green Park is a park in the City of Westminster, central London – one of the Royal Parks of London. Covering 19 hectares (47 acres), it lies between London’s Hyde Park and St. James’s Park. Together with Kensington Gardens and the gardens of Buckingham Palace, these parks form an almost unbroken stretch of open land reaching from Whitehall and Victoria station to Kensington and Notting Hill.
The Green Park is quite different from its neighbor St James’s Park. Covering 19 hectares (47 acres), it is more peaceful, with mature trees and grassland. It is bordered by Constitution Hill, Piccadilly and Queen’s Walk.
It was a famous dueling site until 1667, and Constitution Hill owes its name to Charles II and his frequent ‘constitutionals’. Although situated so close to St James’s Park, The Green Park is quite different in character. It is more peaceful with mature trees and grassland and is surrounded by Constitution Hill, Piccadilly, and the Broad Walk.
St James Park London
The Green Park was first recorded in 1554 as the place where a rebellion took place against the marriage of Mary I to Philip II of Spain. It was a famous dueling site until 1667 when Charles II bought an extra 40 acres and it became known as upper St James’s Park.
The Green Park is a peaceful refuge for people living, working or visiting central London, and is particularly popular for sunbathing and picnics in fine weather. It is also popular as a healthy walking route to work for commuters. The paths are used extensively by joggers and runners.
The park is said to have originally been a swampy burial ground for lepers from the nearby hospital at St James’s. It was first enclosed in the 16th century when it formed part of the estate of the Pulteney family. In 1668 an area of the Pulteney estate known as Sandpit Field was surrendered to Charles II, who made the bulk of the land into a Royal Park, as “Upper St James’s Park” and enclosed it with a brick wall. He laid out the park’s main walks and built an icehouse there to supply him with ice for cooling drinks in summer.
The Queen’s Walk was laid out for George II’s Queen Caroline; it led to the reservoir that held drinking water for St James’s Palace, called The Queen’s Basin.
Green Park London
At the time, the park was on the outskirts of London and remained an isolated area well into the 18th century, when it was known as a haunt of highwaymen and thieves; Horace Walpole was one of many to be robbed there. It was a popular place for ballooning attempts and public firework displays during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Handel’s Music for the Royal Fireworks was composed specifically for a fireworks celebration held in Green Park in 1749. The park was also known as a dueling ground; one particularly notorious duel took place there in 1730 between William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath and John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol.
There is a range of tree species and common birds such as blackbird and starling and migrant birds. No public toilets, but some in Green Park Underground station. Refreshment kiosks are at Ritz Corner and Canada Gate, serving a range of snacks, drinks and ice creams.
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